In this Japanese language reference section you will find the basic grammar concepts of Japanese and much more.

Japanese grammar is not that hard. The rules are clear, and the exceptions few. Start by checking out the pages listed under Basic Language, and then dive into various topics and concepts led by your interest and lust for exploration.

Basic Language

Word Types

  • Nouns
  • Adjectives
  • Pronouns
    Covers words for me/you such as watashi, kare, anata, ore etc.
  • Particles
    Covering the particles: wa, ga, o, no, ni, de, e, kara, made, mo, to, ya, ga, ka, nagara, ne, yo

Grammatical Constructs

Other Key Concepts

Acknowledgements of Original Work

The grammar section contains a modified version of Keith Smillie’s “Some Notes on Japanese Grammar”, published for your personal use, with the kind permission of Keith. I would also like to thank Jim Breen for his contributions to Keiths work.

Some Notes on Japanese Grammar


No claim is made for either originality or completeness in these notes. Most of the examples have been taken from, or have been suggested by, the references given at the end. The topics chosen are those which may benefit a person who is beginning to study Japanese and who would like a quick reference to supplement more complete and authoritative sources.

Acknowledgements and References
Appendix. A Few Verbs