This article explains passive form in Japanese. Passive form is also called “passive voice” in English.
Passive form means that something is being acted upon. An example in English would be “to give a gift” (active) versus “to be given a gift” (passive).
Torako wa nezumi o tabemashita.
Torako ate the mouse.
Nezumi wa Torako ni taberaremashita.
The mouse was eaten by Torako.
Nezumi wa Torako ni taberaremasen deshita.
The mouse was not eaten by Torako.
Torako wa nezumi o oikakemashita.
Torako chased the mouse.
Nezumi wa torako ni oikakeraremashita.
The mouse is chased by Torako.
Verb Conjugation Patterns
Use the following patterns to create passive form of verbs.
Verb Group 1 (godan verbs, also known as u-dropping verbs)
Verb Group 2 (ichidan verbs, also known as ru-dropping verbs)
Verb Group 3
This page is based a part of “Some Notes on Japanese Grammar” published for your personal use, with the kind permission of Keith Smillie (http://www.cs.ualberta.ca/~smillie/)